Everything About Boilers
In this article we will study about what is a boiler? Different types of boiler(steam). The boilers are used in power plants for the generation of steam. They are crucial for the working of a power plant. They are mostly used in the power plants where steam turbines are used for the generation of electricity. The knowledge of boiler is very essential if you are a mechanical engineer.
Working Principle of a Boiler
The boiler works on the same principle as the water is heated in a closed vessel and due to heating, the water changes into steam. This steam steam possesses high pressure kinetic energy.
The boiler contains water. The water is heated to its boiling temperature by the use of heat from the furnace. Due to heating of water, it gets converted into high pressure steam. The steam generated is passed through the steam turbines. As the high pressure steam strikes the turbine, it rotates the turbine. A generator is attached to the turbine and the generator also starts to rotate with the turbine and produces electricity.
A combination or ‘combi’ boiler is both a high efficiency water heater and a central heating boiler in a single compact unit. Combi boilers heat water directly from the mains when you turn on a tap, so you won’t need a hot water storage cylinder or a cold water storage tank in the roof space.
They are also very cost-effective and energy-efficient as water is heated instantly rather than being heated and then stored in a cylinder. An added benefit is that hot water is delivered at mains pressure, which means that you could get a powerful shower without the need for a separate pump.
- Compact sizes make combi boilers perfect for smaller properties
- Ideal where there is little or no loft space
- No need for a hot water cylinder allows increased living space
- No cold water storage tank frees up a loft for conversion
- No risk of loft pipework freezing
- Less pipework in the home makes installation typically cheaper
System boilers require a cylinder for storing hot water, however the major heating and hot water system components are built into the boiler itself, making it quicker and easier to install. In addition, there is no need for a tank in the loft, so it can be an option in a home with little or no loft space or where the space is earmarked for a conversion.
These boilers are also compatible with solar water heating systems, which deliver environmental benefits as well as lower energy bills.
- Ideal for homes with more than one bathroom
- Constant supply of hot water to any number of taps at the same time
- No need for a loft tank, freeing up space and eliminating worries about leaks or frost damage
- Economical to run
- Built-in components makes installation quicker and neater
Regular boilers (sometimes known as traditional, conventional or heat only boilers) are ideally suited to homes that already have a traditional heating and hot water system which is linked to a separate hot water cylinder. These boilers also need a cold water storage tank in the loft to feed the hot water cylinder as well as a tank that maintains the water level of the central heating system.
A regular boiler may be the best option for replacing an existing boiler if the property has an older radiator system, as it might not be able to cope with the higher water pressure that is delivered by system or combi boilers.
- Perfect for homes where a lot of hot water is used at the same time
- Ideal where there are two or more bathrooms
- A good option in areas where water pressure is low
- Compatible with solar water heating systems for a lower carbon footprint and lower energy costs
When choosing between boilers there are several things to consider. The size of your boiler, the type, construction and energy efficiency will all have an impact on your home and your energy bills. Take some time to consider your options and think carefully about which boiler to choose.